6 Main Points of New Education Policy 2020 | Education Policy Explained in Easy Words

Government of India announces its third education policy i.e. NEP 2020. The summary draft of New education policy released on July 29on MHRD website. First NEP of independent India was launched in 1968 on the recommendation of Kothari Committee. Second NEP was released in 1986, which later modified in 1992 and now after 34 years, the third one has been announced. Scroll Down to know details of New Education Policy.

New Education Policy

The initial draft of this was also open for public feedback last year and received about more than one lakh suggestions. A panel of experts led by former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief K. Kasturirangan prepared the final draft of NEP 2020. The target to spent 6% of GDP on education also listed in the policy document.

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The policymakers have taken many ground-breaking measures while drafting this document. The government of India changes the name of HRD Ministry into Ministry of Education right after the announcement of the NEP.

In this article, we will give you a quick sneak peek view and list the six most important changes in this education policy that makes it new for all of us. This will help you to better understand this comprehensive document in a quick time.

Key Points of New Education Policy are as follows:

1. Scrapping of 10 +2 system

The 10+2 system is now divided into and replaced by new 5+3+3+4 format. In this, the first five years of school will comprise of the foundation stage in which the initial three years incorporate pre-primary education (Anganwadi/Balvatika) and last 2 years of class 1st and 2nd.

New Education Policy

The next three years consists of classes 3 to 5, which is called the preparatory stage. Later three years of middle stage(classes 6 to 8) and four years of secondary stage (classes 9 to 12). Also, schools and colleges will not have any rigid formation of streams like Arts, Commerce, and Science etc.

Students can take up whichever courses they want as per their interest level. So, if you want to become a doctor along having a keen interest in history then you could study biology and history simultaneously in your secondary stage. Isn’t it amazing move?

2. Mother tongue as medium of instruction

The policy document states that wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till grade 8 and beyond will be the home language, mother tongue, local language or the regional language. This will be followed by both public and private schools.

New Education Policy

However, the previous three-language formula continues but two of the three languages must be Indian and no language will be imposed on anyone. To avoid any future dispute with states, the NEP only recommends the mother tongue as a medium of instruction, and not makes it compulsory. It is up to the states to implement it or not.

3. The common entrance exam for College/University admissions

The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct a common entrance examination (CEE) for admissions to different universities and colleges across the country. This entrance exam will be a combination of two tests. First will be a common aptitude test for all and the second one must be a test of your specialized subject from arts, commerce and science etc.

New Education Policy

This CEE test will be held at least twice every year. However, the above clause is also not mandatory but left to the individual universities and colleges to use NTA assessments for their admissions.

4. The multi-Disciplinary approach towards higher education

Standalone higher educational institutes and other professional institutes will be evolved into multi-disciplinary education. Institutions offering single streams such as engineering must be phased out and all universities and colleges must focus on becoming multidisciplinary by the year 2030. The new education policy aims for “broad-based, flexible learning”.

New Education Policy

Also, the aim is to set up at least one large multidisciplinary HEI in or near every district. Higher education commission of India  (HECI) will replace all other existing higher education regulators like UGC, AICTE, NCTE etc. of our country excluding legal and medical education.

This move will surely help to bring all students from different academic backgrounds in one particular institution so that they can explore various career-related opportunities for themselves in future.

5. Multiple entries and exit options in degree courses

The undergraduate degree will now be of either 3 or 4 years with multiple entries and exit option. A student who decides to drop out after completing one year in their course, she/he will get a certificate in a discipline or field including vocational and professional areas.

New Education Policy

On dropping out after two or three years from their course the students will get an advance diploma and a bachelor’s degree respectively. If a student completes all the four-year in his/her course then the university will provide him with a bachelor’s degree with research in that particular graduate program.

Also the degree of M.Phil. will be scrapped and you can enrol directly in PhD after doing master’s degree of one year. This reform will particularly benefit the people who cannot pursue their study due to some personal and societal issues.

6. Academic bank of credit

Academic bank of credit is neither a regular bank nor a special bank for students but it will digitally store the academic credits earned from various recognized HEI’s so that these can be transferred and counted towards final degree earned.

Currently, a similar programme is being run where a student can opt for a course related to their degree on Swayam which is an online education portal designed by the government of India. Credits associated with that course will be given to the student that helps in evaluating their final grades. Western countries successfully practice this concept and therefore it attracts Indian policymakers also.
*  Foreign Universities will be permitted to open their campus in India.

Source: MoE

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